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Simple present tense (cont)

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1 Simple present tense (cont) on Mon Jun 28, 2010 2:41 am

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SIMPLE PRESENT

Tóm tắt:

Present simple để chỉ:

1) Sự việc xảy ra trong hiện tại

2) Những sự thật hiển nhiên, sự việc lập đi lập lại hằng ngày: Thí dụ: Trái đất quay xung quanh mặt trời.
Hằng ngày tôi thức dậy lúc 7 giờ sáng

3) Những động từ không ảnh hưởng đến thời gian: động từ tĩnh (static verbs)

To belong to, to cost, to know, to believe, to like,
to love, to mean, to see, to understand ...
I (dis)like / love / hate / want that girl
I believe / suppose / think you’re right
I hear / see / feel the world around us
It tastes / smells good

4) Sau những liên từ WHEN, AS SOON AS

5) THỂ NGHI VẤN:
Thêm đằng trước DO hay DOES (ngôi thứ 3 số ít)

6) THỂ PHỦ ÐỊNH:
thêm DON'T , DOESN'T

__________________

The simple present is used to express actions which take place in the present or which occur regularly (Things that happen repetedly) .
It also serves to express general or absolute statements not anchored in a particular time frame (Things in general)

I work at home.
The earth revolves around the sun
Politics are a dirty business.
Jill speaks four languages fluently.

I get up at seven o’clock every morning
Mrs. Smith teaches English at my school
On Sundays, we like to fish.




INTERROGATIVE FORM

In the interrogative, the present is generally introduced by a form of the verb "to do" ("do / does"):
Does your father like to cook?
Do you have time to stop by my place?


NEGATIVE FORM

The appropriate form of the verb "to do" will also be used for the negative:
I do not (don't) work at home.
No, he does not (doesn't) like to cook.

AFTER WHEN AS SOON AS ...

After the conjunctions "when," "as soon as," etc., the present is used, even though actions expressed may refer to the future:
She'll come when she can.
He'll pay us as soon as we finish.


Forming the simple present
The present is extremely regular in its conjugation. As a general rule, one uses the base form of the infinitive (minus the preposition "to").

For the third person singular ("he," "she," "it"), an "-s" is added if the verb ends in a consonant,

or "-es" if the verb ends with a vowel:

To work

I work
you work
he / she / it works
we work
they work


To go

I go
you go
he / she / it goes
we go
they go

However:

verbs ending with "consonant + y" (for example, "to try," "to cry," "to bury," etc.) will end in "-ies" in the third person singular:

To bury

I bury
you bury
he / she buries
we bury
they bury

"To have", "to be"
The only irregular verbs in the present are "to have," "to be," and the modal verbs.

To have

I have
you have
he / she has
we have
they have

To be

I am
you are
he / she is
we are
they are

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